by Allen Wyatt
(last updated July 16, 2016)
Daniel has a document that has many endnotes in it. The style guide he needs to follow states that endnotes should be an Arabic number, not superscripted, followed by a period. This is not the way that Word creates the endnote numbering. (Word superscripts the endnote number and doesn't include the period.) Daniel wonders about the easiest way to get Word to follow the style that he requires.
At first blush you might think you could change how the endnote numbering appears by adjusting the styles used in Word. There are actually two styles specifically designed for controlling how endnotes look: Endnote Reference and Endnote Text. The Endnote Text style defines how the text of the endnote appears. The Endnote Reference (as its name implies) defines how the reference number for the endnote appears.
The problem is, the Endnote Reference style is automatically applied to two things when you insert an endnote—to the endnote reference in the document itself and to the endnote reference that appears in the endnotes. If you change the style, you automatically change how both of these look. Daniel doesn't need the endnote references within the document changed; he only needs them changed in the numbering in the endnotes themselves.
So, what is a person to do? Assuming that you have the "Arabic" portion figured out—it can be specified when actually inserting your endnotes—you only need to figure out how to remove the superscript and add the period. This is best done by using Find and Replace to implement a workaround. Follow these steps:
Figure 1. The Replace tab of the Find and Replace dialog box.
You can try these steps without displaying your document in Draft view, but if you don't use that view, you won't see the notes pane, mentioned in step 3. I prefer to use Draft view because it provides a "cleaner" way to work with just the endnotes in the notes pane.
There is one other gotcha to watch out for is that these steps affect any existing endnotes, not future ones. Thus, if you add any new endnotes, you'll want to do the steps again, but don't click Replace All. Instead, step through the endnotes in the Find and Replace dialog box and change only those new endnotes you added.
An entirely different approach is to use a macro to add your endnotes. The macro can take care of the special formatting.
Sub AddEndnote() With ActiveDocument With .Range(Start:=.Content.Start, End:=.Content.End).EndnoteOptions .Location = wdEndOfDocument .NumberingRule = wdRestartContinuous .StartingNumber = 1 .NumberingStyle = wdNoteNumberStyleArabic End With .Endnotes.Add Range:=Selection.Range End With With Selection .Paragraphs(1).Range.Font.Reset .Paragraphs(1).Range.Characters(2) = "" .InsertAfter "." & vbTab .Collapse wdCollapseEnd End With End Sub
This macro changes how endnotes are numbered such that they use Arabic numbers and start at endnote 1. It then inserts an endnote, deletes the space that follows the endnote reference, changes the endnote reference so it isn't superscripted, and finally adds a period and tab character after the endnote reference.
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