Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Word versions: 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. If you are using an earlier version (Word 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Word, click here: Footnotes for Tables.

Footnotes for Tables

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated July 29, 2017)

Many scholarly documents and research papers require the extensive use of footnotes. How you use footnotes in Word has been covered in detail in other issues of WordTips. You can place footnote markers at any place within your document, including within tables. The footnotes then appear in the regular place, at the bottom of the page, along with your other footnotes.

Some formatting guidelines, however, require that footnotes for tables be handled specially—namely, that the footnote not appear with the regular text footnotes, but at the end of the table in which the footnote marker appears. For some documents, you may be able to achieve the desired result by inserting a continuous section break immediately after the table and making sure your footnotes are inserted in the table using the "Beneath Text" setting for the Place At option. (Click on the Options button in the Footnotes and Endnotes dialog box to see this option.)

This approach only works if you have footnotes in your table and don't have any in the regular document text on that page. If you have a need for footnotes in regular text and in your table, you can simply use regular footnotes for your document text and endnotes for the footnotes in your table. The footnotes should be formatted to appear at the bottom of each page, and the endnotes should be formatted to appear at the end of each section. With the section break right after the table (as noted in the previous paragraph), the endnotes will appear immediately after the table, and any footnotes on the page will appear in the proper place at the bottom of the page.

The real "sticky wicket" comes into play if you need footnotes in your document, separate footnotes in your table, and endnotes at the end of the document. Word has no built-in way to handle such instances. Instead, you must handle the table footnotes manually.

Perhaps the easiest way to manually construct table footnotes is simply include them as part of the table itself. The following general steps describe the process:

  1. Add an extra row at the end of your table. If you use borders on the cells in your table, you can remove the borders for this additional row.
  2. Select all the cells in the row and merge them. The last row should now consist of a single cell spanning the whole width of your table.
  3. Make a copy of the Footnote Reference style and name the copy Tablenote Reference.
  4. Make a copy of the Footnote Text style and name the copy Tablenote Text.
  5. Modify the new styles as necessary to specify how you want your table footnotes to appear.
  6. Select the entire last row of the table and apply the Tablenote Text style to it.
  7. Insert your table footnotes as desired, along with marker characters in the table.
  8. Format the marker characters using the Tablenote Reference style.

Note that the above steps rely quite heavily on styles. Creating a defining styles is a topic too large for this tip, but it is covered extensively in other WordTips. You can check this page to find any WordTips related to styles:

https://wordribbon.tips.net/C0718_Styles.html

There are ways you can autonumber the footnote references in your table. Simply use the SEQ field for your marker, as covered in other issues of WordTips.

If you prefer to not use an additional row in your table for your footnotes (for whatever reason), you can instead insert a text box that can be used to contain the table footnotes.

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (11568) applies to Microsoft Word 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Word here: Footnotes for Tables.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He  is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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