Handling Returns in Form Data

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated June 15, 2013)

David created a form in Word. When he exports the data for a single form he should get one long line of comma separated (CSV) information. Unfortunately the content of some fields have returns in them. This means he gets a new line in the CSV every time this occurs. David wonders about the best way to handle this situation.

There are a couple of ways you could handle this situation. The first potential approach is to create a macro that is run whenever a form control is exited. This macro could be tied to the text form fields so that the contents of the fields are examined and returns replaced with different characters, such as a space. Here's an example of such a macro:

Sub RemoveReturns()
    Dim sTemp as String

    sTemp = ActiveDocument.FormFields("Text1").Result
    sTemp = Replace(sTemp, vbCrLf, " ")
    ActiveDocument.FormFields("Text1").Result = sTemp
End Sub

All the macro does is grab the contents of the form field, replace the returns (vbCrLf) with spaces, and put the contents back into the form field. You can tie the macro to the form field in the following manner:

  1. Right-click on the field. Word displays a Context menu.
  2. Choose Properties from the Context menu. Word displays the Text Form Field Options dialog box. (See Figure 1.)
  3. Figure 1. The Text Form Field Options dialog box.

  4. In the Run Macro On section, use the Exit drop-down list to choose the macro you want run when the form field is exited.
  5. Click on OK.

Another approach is to get rid of the return characters after the CSV file is created (by exporting the form data). The CSV file is plain text, which means it can be loaded into a Word or a text editor. You could then use the Find and Replace features of the program to search for the returns and replace them with spaces. In doing so, however, you need to be careful of two things. First, you need to make sure you don't replace all returns—you want the ones at the end of each line in the CSV to remain as they are. Second, you need to make sure you save the CSV document back out without any formatting, meaning as a plain text file.

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the WordTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (5913) applies to Microsoft Word 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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