Converting Hyperlinks to Footnotes

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated February 15, 2020)


Stephen has a large document (300+ pages) that includes a large number of hyperlinks in the main text. There are, as well, footnotes in the document. Each of the hyperlinks needs to be converted into a footnote, which will (of course) increase the number of footnotes in the document. The increase isn't a problem. The problem is coming up with a fast way to convert all of those hyperlinks to footnotes. Stephen wonders if this could be done using a macro.

This can, indeed, be done with a macro. In fact, the macro may be simpler than you might imagine. Here's an example:

Sub LinksToFootnotes()
    Dim hLink As Hyperlink
    Dim rTemp As Range
    Dim J As Integer

    For Each hLink In ActiveDocument.Hyperlinks
        Set rTemp = hLink.Range

        ' Create footnote
        ActiveDocument.Footnotes.Add Range:=rTemp, _

        ' Delete possible leading space
        rTemp.MoveStart Count:=-1
        If rTemp.Text = " " Then rTemp.Delete
    Next hLink

    ' Delete hyperlinks
    For J = ActiveDocument.Hyperlinks.Count To 1 Step -1
End Sub

This example does two passes through all the hyperlinks in the document. During the first pass it creates the footnotes and during the second pass it deletes the hyperlinks. Note, as well, that portion of the code that checks to see if there is a space before the hyperlink. This is done so that if there is, that space can be deleted to put the resulting footnote number right next to anything before that space. (In other words, if this wasn't done, it is a good bet that every footnote number would have a space before it.)

That brings up another issue with the macro that you should be aware of—all it does is to create the footnotes and delete the hyperlinks. If there is any information surrounding the original hyperlink (such as parentheses, commas, or periods), those characters will be left in the document. This means that you should do a manual pass through your document after running the macro to make sure that the possible extraneous characters are edited as you want them to be.

Finally, note that the hyperlinks placed into the footnotes are not active hyperlinks—they are text only. This isn't a big issue, though, as plain text is typically what is desired when creating documents that contain footnotes.

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Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...


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What is eight more than 6?

2020-02-17 07:54:45


Perfect. It works great now. Thank you, Ken!

2020-02-16 03:35:34


Try adding the statement immediately before the statement that was in error. Then the particular hyperlink that caused the error will be highlighted and can be examined. For example, the hyperlink might be nested inside another field. ALT + F9 will toggle field displays between the field codes and results.

To put the hyperlinks in endnotes, change the word Footnotes to Endnotes in the statements.

2020-02-15 09:48:09


Great tip. Thank you. I have two questions, please.

I have Office 365 Pro Plus.

First, when I try to run this I get this error:

Run-time error '4680':
That property is not supported for this object

When I debug, it takes me to the line

Set rTemp = hLink.Range

What did I do wrong?

The second question, is how would I do this for endnotes. My third question is how to get the links as just lines in the body of the document, but that may be asking too much. :-)

Thank you again.


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