Closing a Document and Creating a New One

Written by Allen Wyatt (last updated January 28, 2023)
This tip applies to Word 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, Word in Microsoft 365, and 2021


When Glenn is done working with a document in Word, he often wants to close it and open a brand-new blank document. These are obviously two separate steps (close the open document and then create a new document). Since Glenn does this so often, he's wondering if there is a way that he can combine the two steps into a single step.

An easy way to do this is to simply use keyboard shortcuts. To close the current document and then create a blank document, first press Ctrl+W followed by Ctrl+N. This can still be considered two steps, however. And, if you need to save the document first (by pressing Ctrl+S), then it is three steps.

If you truly want it to be a single step, then the best solution is to create a macro to do the tasks. Here's a simple example:

Sub MyCloseCreate()
    ActiveWindow.Close SaveChanges:=False
    Documents.Add DocumentType:=wdNewBlankDocument
End Sub

The first line in the document closes whatever document is active, and then the second creates the brand-new document. Note the use of the SaveChanges parameter on the first line. This causes Word to close the document without saving any changes; if you want to save your changes by default, change the "False" to "True."

You should save the macro in your Normal template and then you can assign it to a shortcut key or add it to your Quick Access Toolbar. That way you can perform both steps with a single action.


If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the WordTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (13006) applies to Microsoft Word 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2019, Word in Microsoft 365, and 2021.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...


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What is five minus 5?

2023-01-28 05:10:48


A special case that I have is closing a document and reopening the SAME document 4 times a day. (Document has a number of links that may opened and then processed via another macro).
Lots of code choices on the internet. I use the one below. (One QAT click vs File|Close|Don'tSave|File|Open|Select)

Sub Reopen()
ThisWorkbook.Saved = True
ThisWorkbook.ChangeFileAccess xlReadOnly, , False
Application.Wait Now + TimeValue("00:00:01")
ThisWorkbook.ChangeFileAccess xlReadWrite, , True
End Sub

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