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Automatic Page Numbers across Multiple Documents

Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Word versions: 2007 and 2010. If you are using an earlier version (Word 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Word, click here: Automatic Page Numbers across Multiple Documents.

Abulkalam has multiple documents that he wants to have continuous page numbering from one document to the other. If one document has an added or deleted page, then he has to manually change the page numbering in the following documents. He knows he could use master documents and subdocuments, but that can of worms is one he doesn't want to open. Abulkalam wonders if there is a way that he could avoid the need to manually change page numbers all the time.

There is no way to do this automatically in Word. You can try a workaround, by using fields within your documents, but that gets a bit complex. As an example, let's suppose that you have three documents, each representing chapters in a larger book. Chap1.docx has 15 pages, Chap2.docx has 11 pages, and Chap3.docx has 17 pages. Start by opening Chap1.docx and follow these general steps:

  1. Somewhere on the second-to-last page of the document (page 14, in this case) insert a continuous section break.
  2. Within the footer of the document's first section, press Ctrl+F9. This inserts a pair of field braces into which you should type the word PAGE.
  3. Press F9 to collapse the field you just created. This represents the page number of the current page.
  4. On the Design tab of the ribbon (it should be visible because you are working in the footer), click the Next Section tool. This moves you to the footer in the last section of the document, which is after the section break you inserted in step 1.
  5. Click the Link to Previous tool so that it is not selected. This "unlinks" the footer in the last section from the footer you previously created.
  6. Delete the PAGE field in the footer. (Don't worry; the field still exists in previous pages because you unlinked this section's footer from the previous section's footer.)
  7. Press Ctrl+F9 to insert a pair of field braces into which you should type the word NUMPAGES.
  8. Press F9 to collapse the field you just created.
  9. Select the field you just created and press Shift+Ctrl+F5. Word displays the Bookmark dialog box. (See Figure 1.)
  10. Figure 1. The Cell tab of the Table Properties dialog box.

  11. Type a simple bookmark name, such as bk. When you click Add, the bookmark is created.
  12. Close the Bookmark dialog box.
  13. Click the Close Header and Footer tool (on the Design tab of the ribbon) and save your document.

Now, you need to follow the same general steps in the Chap2.docx document, except that the fields you use need to be a bit more complex. Assuming that the document files are stored in the directory at C:\MyDocs\Example, you would use the following compound field in step 2:

{ ={ INCLUDETEXT "\\MyDocs\\Example\\Chap1.docx" bk \! } + { PAGE } }

What this does is use the INCLUDETEXT field to grab whatever is in the bookmark named bk from Chap1.docx (which is the total number of pages in that document) and then add the current page number to that value. Thus, numbering continues from whatever the page count was in Chap1.docx.

The field that you should use in step 7 is similarly complex:

{ ={ INCLUDETEXT "\\MyDocs\\Example\\Chap1.docx" bk \! } + { NUMPAGES } }

That's it for your Chap2.docx file; the page numbering should work just fine. In the Chap3.docx file you follow the same steps, again, using the same complex fields that you did in the Chap2.docx file. The only difference is that you reference Chap2.docx in the fields, in this manner:

{ ={ INCLUDETEXT "\\MyDocs\\Example\\Chap2.docx" bk \! } + { PAGE } }
{ ={ INCLUDETEXT "\\MyDocs\\Example\\Chap2.docx" bk \! } + { NUMPAGES } }

Note that whenever you add or delete pages from any of the documents, the page numbers within them are updated automatically when the fields are updated. (Fields are updated when you manually update them or when you choose to print or use print preview.)

There are, of course, a few "gottchas" you need to keep in mind when using this approach. First, if you delete the continuous section break (step 1) from any of the files, you will really mess things up. Second, if you move the documents to a different folder (or send them to another person who uses a different folder), then the fields won't work at all. Third, if you use multiple sections in your documents, then this approach can get quite a bit more complex as you attempt to compensate for those sections.

Another approach is to use a macro to handle the page numbering. The macro could step through all your files and set the starting page numbers to be whatever is appropriate for those files. The following is an example of such a macro:

Sub PageNumberReset()
    Dim pgNo As Long
    Dim n As Long
    Dim pathName As String
    Dim fileNames
    Dim thisFile As String
    Dim aRange As Range

    ' Specify the path to the document files
    pathName = "C:\MyDocs\Example\"
    ' Create an array holding the document file names, in sequence
    fileNames = Array("Chap1.docx", "Chap2.docx", "Chap3.docx")

    pgNo = 0
    For n = 0 To UBound(fileNames)
        thisFile = pathName & fileNames(n)
        Application.Documents.Open (thisFile)
        ActiveDocument.Sections(1).Headers(1).PageNumbers.StartingNumber = pgNo + 1
        Set aRange = ActiveDocument.Range
        aRange.Collapse Direction:=wdCollapseEnd
        pgNo = Selection.Information(wdActiveEndAdjustedPageNumber)
        Application.Documents(thisFile).Close Savechanges:=wdSaveChanges
    Next n
End Sub

To use the macro, you only have to specify the directory in which the documents are stored and put the document file names into the fileNames array. The macro sets the first document to start at page 1 and each subsequent document to start at one more than the highest page number in the previous document. If you change the number of pages in any of the documents, you'll need to rerun the macro.

If you don't want to use fields or macros to do the page numbering, you could rethink your document structure and combine all the different documents into a single document. You could also get away from Word entirely and do your page layout in desktop publishing program, such as InDesign, which is specialized to handle multiple-file page numbering.

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (11572) applies to Microsoft Word 2007 and 2010. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Word here: Automatic Page Numbers across Multiple Documents.

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Comments for this tip:

Bryan    22 Apr 2013, 09:03
I can't see any reason why you use NUMPAGES on the last page instead of PAGE (on the last page, NUMPAGES will always be eqal to PAGE, no?), but otherwise, this is a very interesting tip.
Bronwyn    17 Oct 2012, 22:06
Would it be possible to use the field example in a master document?

I have a master document and I wish to put in the footers (Page X of Y) where X is the page number and Y is the number of pages in the section. I also want to insert a page number that gives the sequential page number through the entire document.

So basically I want a page number for each section (that restarts at 1 at the beginning of a new section) and a page number that continues right through the document.

Is this even possible?

Glenn Stadsklev    02 Sep 2012, 12:32
I really apreciate that your printed tips are in a font large enough to be read. I hate it when I print out the information but it is too small to be read.

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