Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Word versions: 2007, 2010, and 2013. If you are using an earlier version (Word 2003 or earlier), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for earlier versions of Word, click here: Understanding Default Tab Stops.

Understanding Default Tab Stops

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated December 5, 2018)

5

Word has many different levels of formatting that you can do in a document. Some formatting settings apply to characters, others to paragraphs, still others to sections, and finally there are formatting settings that apply to the entire document.

We normally think of tab stops as being a "paragraph-level setting." However, there is one tab stop option that applies to the entire document, not just to a particular paragraph. The way in which the setting is presented in Word is a bit deceiving, however.

The setting in mind, of course, is for the default tab stop distance. There is a single default tab stop distance that you can set in Word, although you do it from the Tabs dialog box, which is definitely a paragraph-level formatting dialog box. To see what this means, position your insertion point anywhere within your document; it doesn't matter where. Display the Home tab of the ribbon and click the small icon at the lower-right of the Paragraph group. Word displays the Paragraph dialog box and you should click the Tabs button, at the lower-left of the dialog box. This displays the Tabs dialog box. (See Figure 1.)

Figure 1. The Tabs dialog box.

In the upper-right corner of the dialog box is the Default Tab Stops value. This value applies to the entire document, even though every other setting in the dialog box applies only to the current paragraph.

To test this out, change the Default Tab Stops value to something different from what it is, then click on OK. The dialog box closes, and the default is changed. Now, position the insertion point somewhere else in the document and again display the Tabs dialog box. The Default Tab Stops value should still be set to the new value you entered.

This means that to permanently change (so to speak) the default tab stop value, you need to do it within the templates you use to create new documents. For instance, you would follow these general steps to change the default tab stops in Normal.dotx:

  1. Load the Normal.dotx template.
  2. Display the Home tab of the ribbon.
  3. Click the small icon at the lower-right of the Paragraph group. Word displays the Paragraph dialog box.
  4. Click the Tabs button, at the lower-left of the dialog box. Word displays the Tabs dialog box.
  5. Change the Default Tab Stops value on the dialog box.
  6. Click on OK.
  7. Save the template.

Once these steps are complete, then all new documents based on Normal.dotx will have the default tab stops set the way you want them. (Notice that this is for all new documents; existing documents will still have the old default tab setting. They will have to be changed individually.)

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (9170) applies to Microsoft Word 2007, 2010, and 2013. You can find a version of this tip for the older menu interface of Word here: Understanding Default Tab Stops.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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What is four more than 0?

2018-12-05 10:19:06

Jennifer Thomas

Just a couple of comments:

1. To modify your normal.dotm (or any template), you can right-click the title and then click Open; then the default tab stop process works as it would in a regular document.

2. When I put this out as a tip way-back-when, I got questions about what value to use to reduce the space between a paragraph number and the text to the minimum; that is usually .36 (to accommodate 3-digit numbers). Hope that helps!


2015-10-01 09:36:34

awyatt

Alison: It will work, but not the way you are doing it. You need to load the template, not click (or double-click) on it.

In other words, use the Open dialog box to locate Normal.dotm on your system and then Open it. You can then make changes in it and save it out again.

-Allen


2015-10-01 09:24:06

Alison

Sadly this does not work. When you click on normal.dotm (not .dotx) the file that Word 2013 opens is called document1.docx, so you cannot "save the template". Also, unlike the paragraph dialog box, there is no place in the Tabs box to say "set as default". I have found no way of setting default tabs.


2014-03-09 00:17:23

W Larson

Yes but I clear and reset the default tab stop as you say and I still see many other tab stops in my document. Why?
Particularly in numbered lists, but elsewhere too.


2014-03-08 04:29:43

Steve Dyson

You pight have mentioned that the default tab stop is based on US/Imperial measurements (0.5") and is converted directly and rather pointlessly to 1.27 cm when the default units of measurement are metric.
IMHO, this is a silly case of conversion where tailoring (to, say, 1 cm) would have been more appropriate.
Anyone using Word and SI units should reset the default tab stop to a value that suits their needs and those of the metric world.


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